Betting in infanto-youthful literature as study object, leading in consideration that this: … constitutes a field of production, circulation and cultural appropriation, its study has been important source for the historical inquiry. In the historiogrfico work, literature has been tool of apprehension of the sociocultural dynamics of different historical moments. However, it has that if to detach the especificidade of the source and the importance of the historian to take the text literary not as description of the Real, but as its representation. Representation this consisting in the dialogue with the excessively practical cultural ones, that confers to practical literary its sustentation. (GOUVEIA, 2005, p.3) We perceive, here, that many of the authors make its reading only of the literary narratives, the historian has that to have pra itself that this form of language is plus a representation of the Real, of what is lived, that it is felt, that is witnessed in the society, watered of values, subjetividades, representations. The decade of 1980, with all its redemocratizao, gave the first steps to breach with these forms of prejudiced representations of the black, representative personages of the afro-Brazilians had been beyond the confrontation of racial, social preconceptions and of sort.

It had a concern with the writing, valuing the mythology and the religion of African matrix. A rupture with the model of disqualification of the deriving narratives of the African verbal traditions is also perceived and providing one ressignificao of the importance of the figure materna (mother and grandmother) in the life of the child. Also we can perceive, according to analyses of Sousa (2005a), that the reproduced images and that compose the text of the didactic book if they show more diversified, less estereotipadas.' ' They the black personages pass to be represented with braids of African style, hairdos and suits variados.' ' (SOUSA, 2005, P. 191) These transformations had happened for great effort and organization of the black movements, of the black women, in the turn of the century, the intention of positivizar the black personages through denunciations and claims, including in this space the study of the African culture and the releitura of the images and passivity of the black in the period escravocrata.