The Commonwealth of Dominica – a country located on the same island, the largest of the Windward Islands archipelago Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. The island was opened in Columbus Xristofor Sunday, November 3, 1493, hence came the name of the island (from the Latin Dominica – 'Sunday'). The Commonwealth of Dominica is a member of the Commonwealth, led by Britain. The capital of Dominica – Roseau (18 thousand inhabitants) – one of the poorest cities. Dominica is separated from the possession of France – Martinique and Guadeloupe in the south to the north – not wide straits.
The island is mountainous, it lies dormant volcanoes a few, but volcanic activity is not stops. The proof of this – a small lake of boiling water. Very picturesque and local geysers. The island is untouched nature area in the Caribbean. Steep volcanic slopes are covered with lush tropical vegetation, with mountain ranges flows down many small streams and rivers, forming waterfalls. During tropical storms, these rivers overflow, so sometimes celebrated on the island of excess fresh water that sent for export to other islands. The climate is tropical and humid trade wind, heat, soften the north-east winds. The average monthly temperature is 25-27C, 1500-2500 mm of rain falls each year.
The most favorable weather occurs with November to March. The fauna of the island is represented by several species of birds, mostly with bright plumage, reptiles (lizards) and insects, including many rare. The bulk of the population – negros and mulattoes. Quite fraction – about 3 million people are famous 'militant Caribs', which are a kind of attraction for tourists visiting the island actively. Most of the population speaks the local dialect French. The capital has a dominant position on the island, there is a botanical garden, a number of interesting monuments: the Church of England, known as 'the old slave market', cobblestone area Old Market, the Museum of the Dominican Republic, a stone Catholic Cathedral. In Roseau in 1905, was built public library of the Carnegie Endowment, a pedagogical institute. The reason the economy is agriculture. Land, especially in coastal areas occupied plantations of bananas, citrus, cocoa, coconut, mango, tobacco. There are enterprises in the production of fruit juices, canned food, copra, soap, cigars, rum, essence. Exports Banana brings 50 percent of revenue in the budget. In recent years, developing the infrastructure of international tourism, tourists come mainly from the United States and Western Europe. Developed is available on the island rich deposits of pumice. In general, the country's economy is heavily dependent on foreign economic aid, and the government takes measures to attract foreign companies and investments.