Their joint efforts would encourage him to found the College of Mexico with the help of Spanish exiles from Franco’s civil war. While the relevance of his work is present in the Mexican intelligentsia, often was critical, not just academic-government, but left-wing writers. Famed was his discussion with Jose Revueltas, essayist and political activist, communist, who in a later work to the publication of “The Crisis in Mexico, openly criticized the tendency to maximize the power elites in determining the course of national history. Revueltas Cosio Villegas claims his pessimism, noting that although the country has no real democracy can not ignore the improvements that have been in education, infrastructure and land distribution.
Similarly, continues the author of the novel “swipe” History moves not only by the will of powerful groups, but many problems of the country, as the formation of a nationality, are historical (Perez, 2002 : 259) With regard to the consolidation of nationalism, it is appropriate to clarify that its place in the collective ideology, at least in the modern sense, ie nationality as imagined community that binds its members with a sense of belonging (Anderson, 1991: 5-6, is a long process and it took many decades to settle. This process, which was an important landmark from the 20s, at the time of Vasconcelos and the creation of the SEP, had an incentive in this lack of credibility in his essay says Cosio, or in the pursuit of its restatement. Not only through the creation of a patriotic pantheon ideological underpinnings serve as the ruling elite, widespread in textbooks on basic education, the arts, but also had a leading role: it suffices to remember those murals of Clemente Orozco and Siqueiros reflecting on the walls of the new post-revolutionary architectural dialectics of class that permeated the intellectual reality of that time.