To understand the new Amazonian space he is necessary first understands the process historical, which is dividing in: Territorial formation (1916 -1930); Regional planning (1930-1985); The Incognito of the Heartland (1985). The first phase characterized of the slow and gradual appropriation of the territory, exceeding the limits of the Treated one to Tordesilhas. Being its economic base the exportation of ' ' Drugs of the Serto' '. What we observe is that the Amaznia of today was delimited from 1850 and 1899, on the imperial concern with the internationalization of the navigation of the river is boom of the rubber. The base of the economy was the exportation of products of the forest, that lived of surtos and depreciation. What it contributed for formation region. At as the moment Regional Planning (1930 -1985) it was marked by the presence of the State in the process of occupation of the Amaznia.
With an increasing intervention of the economy for the State. The initial phase of Regional Planning (1930 -1966) the implantation of the New State is on, with Getulio Vargas. This phase was discursiva of what active. With the Creation of the Supervision of Valuation of the Economy of the Amaznia (SPVEA), what it meant only one regional concern without corresponding actions. Only in government J.K based on ' ' Energia and Transportes' ' in ' ' fifty years in cinco' '. Actions effective had affected the region, through the implantation of the Belm highways? Brasilia and Brasilia Acre, two great clamps skirting the Fimbria of the Forest.
However it is only between 1966 and 1985 that if it initiates the effective regional planning with the modernization acere lada of the society and the Territory. In this process the Amaznia assumes with priority role for the integration of Brazil. With the Objective to speed up the regional occupation the government created the Zona Franca of Manaus (ZFM), an industrial enclave in way to the next extrativista economy the borders it north and implemented powerful territorial strategy also the Project Gutter North.