The History of the current Education in offers to one vastssimo and valuable knowledge to them. The man after-modern searchs the affirmation as individual, face to the globalization of the economy and the communications. The after-modern education is critical … Trabalha more with the meaning of what with the content, much more with intersubjetividade and the plurality of what with the equality and the unit. It does not deny the contents. For the opposite, it works for a deep change of them in the education, to become them essentially significant for the student (GADOTTI, 1998:311). The current world coexists a multiplicity of educational movements, influenced for the old Greeks, the iluministas, naturalists, pragmatistas, racionalistas, among others.
The current society lives deeply this diversity of pedagogical movements, searching through innovative methods of education the solution of the human problems. In synthesis, the education is not born with the man. yes is acquired in elapsing of its life. It can, as social process, to strengthen the social cohesion, acting as force conservative, or, then, to stimulate or to free the individual possibilities of homing and choice between divergent alternatives, in determined moments where if they loosen the coercitive social ways. Between these two extremities have, therefore, a half-term that must be, of the point of sight of the society and the individual, the ideal goal of all educational process. 1.1.EDUCAO AND STATE the boarding until the present moment was for arriving at a conclusion that the school is not a separate island of the historical context where if it inserts.
In contrast, it is compromised of irreversible form with the social environment, economic e, mainly, politician. Thus, in this unit she will have a boarding of the relation Education and State in the educational politics. The relation of State and Education is not recent, therefore since Old Greece, in the idea and reflections of Aristotle, who takes first the great workmanship: Politics, and of Plato, creator of a system politician, in its book Republic, in which the society model would have to adopt a system of Education where all the citizens would have equality of conditions.