Revolutionary Democrats

In 1858, the magazine came na Dobroliubov, and the position of the revolutionary democrats increased significantly. Changing internal and external policies of the magazine – he is seriously leveet. The popularity of "Contemporary" in the 60-ies of the xix century was enormous, with a circulation reached 6000-7000 copies. It was one of the best magazines century, there were printed the best journalistic articles, a novel Chernyshevsky "What?" Set Nekrasov's poems, began his satirical work, me Saltykov-. In 1862, the activities of the "Contemporary" was suspended for a revolutionary focus on six months, and in 1866 – after the death and arrest Dobrolyubova Chernyshevsky magazine and was closed altogether on personal orders of the king. A second magazine revolutionary-democratic wing was "The Russian word" created in 1859 (since 1860 Editor – ge Blagosvetlov) and have had a popular science bias. In addition to issues of this magazine of literature and literary criticism were considered academic achievement and other events of scientific life. "The Russian word" actively read the student youth and the regions of Russia.

Magazine's circulation has increased since 3000 to 4500 copies. Leading critic of the Russian word "became di Pisarev. Like the "Contemporary" Nekrasov "The Russian word" suspended for 6 months in 1862 and in 1866 was closed finally. In the 60 years of his journalistic He started fm Dostoevsky, published together with his brother in 1861-1863's magazine "Time", which were published "House of the Dead", "The Insulted and Injured" fm Dostoevsky's "Sin da trouble for anyone not living" an , etc. The importance attached to education of the youth, the magazine surveyed by foreign and Russian news. Journal of diversity and has been interesting for the audience, with up to 4,000 subscribers. In 1863, magazine was shut down for the "wrong" light of the Polish uprising. But Dostoevsky continued his activities as a publisher, founded the monthly magazine "Age" (1864-1865), who defended the idea pochvennichestva, discuss new court reform and intensified debate with "Contemporary" and "the Russian word".

The most striking satirical magazine of the era was a weekly journal "Iskra" (1859-1873), published by the famous poet-translator Vasily Kurochkin and cartoonist Nikolai Stepanov. "Iskra" was an ally of "The Bells" and "Contemporary", criticizing a pre-reform years of serfdom liberalnichanie tsarist ministers and manifestation of lawlessness. Satirical drawings and captions denounced the arbitrary censorship, education deficiencies, bureaucracy, and the reaction media, the parasitism of the nobility. Actively used paraphrases and parodies of famous works of poets. Antimonarchic direction of the magazine has increased after the implementation of the peasant reform, so that mia made a number of employees to refuse to work in the journal in 1865. In 1870, the magazine banned from publishing cartoons that influenced the popularity of the publication, but the "spark" was published until 1873, and its authority has been extremely high.