Citizenship European the European Union (EU) is the international organisation of European level dedicated to increasing economic and political integration among its Member States and to strengthen cooperation between them. The EU was established by members of the European Community (EC) on November 1, 1993, when it entered into force the Treaty of the European Union (TEU) that gave European citizenship to the citizens of each State. Also intensified customs agreements and on immigration, relaxing border controls in order to allow European citizens greater freedom to live, work or study in any of the Member States. Does the status of citizen of the EU is based on the following rights:? Free movement and residence in the Member States. Right to vote in municipal elections and the European Parliament. Right of petition before the Ombudsman and the European Parliament. Diplomatic and consular protection. Article courtesy of: Processing and acquisition of European citizenship..