For 30 years, African countries were used as dumping sites for hazardous toxic waste from developed countries. Many African countries have been lured by the potential financial benefits that are some cases significantly exceeds the gdp of the country importing toxic waste. Dumping of hazardous toxic waste implies a serious environmental threat to the inhabitants of the African continent. Many are not aware of the dangers and the consequences of being exported from developed countries of toxic waste. The problem became so serious for the global environment that has caused two global attempts to regulate and create the ability to control international trade and export of hazardous wastes.
Signed in 1987godu "Basel Accord" is the first global attempt to control the export and dumping of hazardous wastes. The second is the adoption of the program on the protection of the un Environmental Control for the trafficking of hazardous waste in Cairo. Then the solution of African Unity governing the import of hazardous wastes. This regional effort perhaps more important step in protecting the environment. Despite a curb so profitable, but risky business such trade still continues. So, again, for the past 30 years, many African states were a place for dumping toxic waste (pollution of wastewater, pollution of air space with ashes from waste incineration, landfill waste oils, chemicals, acids, toxic solvents, expired pharmaceuticals, construction of plants for fertilizer). Tough regulatory standards and the high cost of hazardous waste in the west caused an increase in the export of toxic and hazardous waste in Africa by dumping on dumping such wastes. All this is possible thanks to the huge number of used and unused land available in many African countries.
Many African governments have ignored the obvious dangers of of the import of hazardous wastes due to the desperate needs to earn income in the form of hard currency and ease economic hardship. Another not less important reason is the greed of a few large African owners this business wanting to make big money in hard currency in a relatively short time. Unlimited export of toxic waste into Africa from developed countries has been tracked since 1970 a secret deal between the African countries and companies from usa, uk, Italy, Switzerland and even the Soviet Union. All of this is due to high growth industries in developed countries. Since the production of by-products contain many chemicals and toxic Substances that can not be recycled, and get rid of that rather difficult. That's one of the biggest challenges for the industrialized countries has become a problem of getting rid of unwanted material (industrial waste) as places where you can remove and bury the dangerous waste is becoming less, the cost of processing such waste increases every year. We give an example: the cost of hazardous waste in an industrialized country can reach 5000 dollars per ton, whereas the export of toxic waste in one of Africa's price could be around $ 10 per ton. This is – roughly 1 / 1000 of the cost of recycling in any industry developed country. Hence the tendency to make huge profits from the export of industrial waste for firms exporting. Africa – a viable alternative for the removal of toxic waste, thanks to the low cost of burial waste, low public awareness about the dangers of such graves, willingness to such transactions of local government officials and businessmen in exchange for financial gain. Such short-term gain, ultimately, not justifies the impact on ecology and environment for people living in the territory.