Industrial Production Flows

Industrial production is characterized by considerable diversity of forms of organization of flows, which implemented basic conditions of flow of production. Decisive influence on the shape of flows have a specialization of the company, its capacity, product range, the frequency of its turnover, the level of division and cooperation of labor. According to the degree of continuity of work time, use time equipment and work flow production is divided into continuous-flow and direct. With continuous-line production rates the time operations are equal to or multiples of tact, products are moved from operation on an operation without for each workplace specific fixed permanently operations. Continuous-flow production the most perfect form of organization of production. On continuous-flow lines (ONPL) is made, usually one type of product, and the multidisciplinary continuous-flow lines (MNPL) – Several technologically related products, so here at each workplace holds not one but several detailed operations. mnpl divided into groups (with successive alternation) and variable-flow (with sequence partionnym alternation).

Group call mnpl, where technologically related products are processed without conversion equipment. Engineering processes for all assigned to the line of products are fully synchronized. Variable-flow called mnpl, which is continuously processed (collected) products of different names (or sizes) of alternating parties. Due to the different underlying technology and technological equipment for processing different kinds of products by changing batch made to readjust the equipment. Here, processes are also synchronized. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Richard Blumenthal. At any given time on such a line is made product is only one name. Calculation of stroke (rate) of flow and onpl mnpl determined by the program start production on the line for the calculated period of time.

Loaders Criteria

Lift Truck (forklift) – hoisting machine designed to perform the capture, recovery, transportation and stowage with rules or special devices. Today Loaders used for loading and unloading at large shops, storage areas, cargo terminals and large wholesalers. Produced two types of forklifts: Electric and trucks. Forklifts – a forklift equipped with an internal combustion engine. can operate in severe weather conditions outdoors. Only because of the noxious exhaust fumes and high noise level, diesel and gasoline trucks should not be used in small enclosed spaces and spaces without adequate ventilation.

Electric – a special vehicle batch with powered by a rechargeable battery. Electric suited for work on public and private areas with hard and smooth surface (such as warehouses, railway wagons). How to choose a truck? Choosing, trucks, First of all you should pay attention to his specifications. The most important of these are: capacity, height of lifting, power transmission, the center of gravity of the load, tire type and engine type. In this article we will briefly we present an approach to choosing a loader. 1.Gruzopodemnost Under the capacity of a vehicle means the mass of goods for which designed the vehicle. On-duty trucks are: – Light Duty – 4.1 tons – average – 4-16 tons – Heavy – 16 tons.

Have the greatest capacity diesel forklifts. 2.Vysota lifting height of stacking truck depends on the type of mast installed on it: – The standard two-piece mast forklift equipped with a two-section mast, can lift loads the third tier of shelves. The height of the transaction up to 3m. – Two-piece mast with free Forklift course with a two-section mast with a free course is suitable for working in confined spaces, such as cargo containers or rail cars, height of cargo – up to 5m. – Tri-mast Loader equipped with a three section mast, can lift the load on the height – 7 pm 3.Tip engine produced trucks with internal combustion engines (forklifts), running on diesel, petrol and gas and trucks operating on the electric current (electric Surgut). 4.Moschnost 5.Tsentr Load 6.Tip tires 7. produced trucks with manual and automatic transmission. Automatic Transmission suits for trucks that need to make a lot of maneuvering in tight spaces. Manual transmission is used when the shipper must travel long distances. Of course, the technical characteristics for which should pay attention when buying a forklift is greater than we have listed in the article.

Using Cutters Correctly

The main purpose of today's paper cutters that are used in minitipografiyah – treatment of small and medium-circulation paper and paper products. Scope cutters impressive – it's ready and trimming circulation, and cutting into sheets of rolled materials or large paper, and processing of goods at the intermediate stage, in particular, the alignment blocks before stitching, etc. Depending on the characteristics of cutters, They can be divided into three types: roller cutters, and guillotine shears Reciprocating cutter (guillotine). Cutters firms Dahle, Ideal, Kw-Trio can be attributed to the most common in the Russian market offset printing. In our time Russian market offset printing were widely cutters manufacturers such as Dahle, Ideal, Kw-Trio and many others. Roller cutters to handle only a small amount of paper products used roller cutters or . They allow the undercut edge with high accuracy, and certain models can do the segment of the band width of less than 1 millimeter.

This high accuracy makes the roller cutter for interesting photo salons, design offices, architectural workshops and similar organizations. All manufacturers and models are similar, usually distinguished only by the length of cut. But there are exceptions. Since cutter Dahle 500 series helps conduct figured segments of several species. Reciprocating cutter Consider the following type of paper-cutting equipment – saber cutter. This type of cutters, in contrast to the previous one, can handle a much larger number of printed products. Sometimes these devices are so large that they are placed on the floor. Reciprocating paper cutters already have a security system operator.